Nose and Sinus

The nose is not just for breathing and smelling; it also plays an important role in sinus health. The nose warms, humidifies, and filters the air we breathe. It also contains the cells that produce mucus, which helps to trap dust and other particles. The nose is lined with tiny hairs that help to keep the mucus moving and prevent it from drying out.

However, the nose can be susceptible to a variety of problems that can make breathing difficult. Nosebleeds, deviated septum, septal spurs, nasal polyps, and nasal masses can all obstruct the nasal passages and make it difficult to breathe. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to correct the problem. However, there are also a number of home remedies that can help to improve the function of the nose and reduce congestion. Saline sprays and humidifiers can help to keep the nose moist, while steam inhalation can help to clear blocked sinuses. Moreover, a diet rich in fruits and vegetables can help to support sinus health by providing essential nutrients. In short, the nose is a vital part of our respiratory system, and it is important to take steps to ensure its continued function.

Nosebleeds are common and can have many different causes. Most nosebleeds occur when the blood vessels in the nose become irritated and break. This can be due to nose picking, blowing the nose too hard, or having dry, chapped skin inside the nose. In some cases, nosebleeds may be caused by an injury to the nose or a prior surgery. However, sometimes a deviated septum may occur without any obvious incident. Medications may help to relieve the symptoms of a deviated septum, but most cases require surgical intervention. Nosebleeds can also be a sign of an underlying condition, such as allergies or a sinus infection. If you experience recurrent nosebleeds, it is important to see your doctor to rule out any serious causes including:

  • Facial pressure
  • Fever
  • Thick, yellowish to green nasal drainage
  • Persistence of symptoms for over 1-2 weeks
  • Dental pain
  • Cough with mucus

Sinus and Allergies

Sinuses are cavities in the facial skeleton which produce mucus and drain into the nasal passages. If their ability to drain is affected, an infection can occur leading to the following symptoms: pain and pressure in the sinuses, inflammation of the nose and throat, difficulty breathing, and a reduced sense of smell. In some cases, the infection can also lead to fever, fatigue, and dental pain. Sinus infections are usually treated with antibiotics, however, in severe cases surgery may be required to clear the blockage. To help prevent sinus infections, it is important to keep the nose and sinuses clear of irritants such as dust, pollen, and smoke. In addition, staying hydrated and avoiding exposure to cold air can also help reduce the risk of developing a sinus infection.

At California Face Institute, Dr. Amar Gupta regularly performs nasal and sinus surgery in the office and in the operating room using the latest technologies including balloon sinuplasty and image guidance.

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